Peace, conflict and security in Africa: New challenges and new perspectives

Peace and security in sub-Saharan Africa has become in recent years one of the main topics of discussion and reflection at international level.The 50th anniversary of African independence processes is a good opportunity to take stock and analyze the main challenges and dilemmas for the future. The situation of some conflicts, the evolution of the peace process, the role of civil society and regional organizations as well as the emerging role of the African Union are some of the main themes of this conference.


Based on the experience of experts, activists and institutional representatives, the conference want to be a space of reflection, dissemination and plural meeting to contribute to the ongoing debate on the agenda and the great challenges of building peace and security on the continent African. In addition, the ICIP, in collaboration with Casa Africa and the Centre of Contemporary Culture of Barcelona (CCCB), wants Africa to become permanent center of interest, reflection and action in our country, you can learn more at jtautosecurity co uk


Nerion reports that the malware of the future will be created partly in Africa and Central America

Nerion reports that, according to F-Secure, the malware sources of the future be extended to Africa and Central America

They have also briefly reviewed the history of the origin of the malware, concluding that in the future, besides the usual locations where the current malware originates, Africa and Central America represent a new source of organized crime.

We know, and we have repeated for a long time, that the current malware is perfectly organized and really hard to remove malware, and the two great schools reside in Brazil and Eastern Europe, mainly Russia. China is also presented as a major power in recent times, when creating Trojans. The reasons are several, and probably due in fact a cluster of many others not mentioned. In principle, Russia has traditionally been a country of great mathematicians and scientists, however, Brazil, China or Russia itself have had neither the industry nor necessary to absorb the potential possessed infrastructure. People who want to exploit their skills, acquired self-taught via the Internet or specific books, come almost naturally to a perfectly structured and seated where you can get money easily, or are directly absorbed and hired a criminal organization salary if their skills so deserve.

In the late eighties, early nineties and almost at the beginning of the century, the malware came from several countries, much more spread worldwide. Almost all countries with access to the Internet then, including many of Europe (including Spain with great viral potential, where the ‘scene’ came to be of high quality), United States, Japan, India and Australia … were the center viral par excellence. Many times virus came from these parts of the world.

Since the malware is industry (by 2004), however, production has been concentrated mainly in the countries mentioned above (Brazil, Russia and China) outshining the rest. According to F-Secure, in the coming years they will diversify sources toward the center of Africa, Central America and Southeast Asia. This should further development of technologies in countries with limited resources to absorb skills. Again, the circumstances of what appears to be the perfect breeding ground for organized crime computer would.

They do exist in Central America and more or less organized small pockets that create more or less primitive malware, and is expected to change over time, and sophisticated creations go. In any case, everyone will have to comply with the remains left by the Brazilians and Russians, who by far monopolize the viral market right now and it seems that the deal will change in the coming years.

But above all, it seems that there is much for any country to take the lead in Russia, where they have won a very great advantage over the rest in quality and quantity of production of malware.


Access to the best links manuals related to automotive, from one place.
Save hours of surfing the web, looking for where to download workshop manuals, mechanical and repair, as we have already done us for you.

We have grouped the 7 best links to facilitate easy work and not you may have to waste time these searches.
Then we show 7 links that you may know well where to look workshop manuals, mechanical and repair, accessing a quick and easy way to these manuals, click here for reviews.


1. manuals mechanics:

On this site, upon checking as users, we can have access to download manuals free workshop in PDF format, thanks to users who share these manuals in your social network.

We may find manuals workshop Toyota, Renault, Mercedes, Audi, BMW, Peugeot, Seat, Yamaha …

In its category of service manuals they are classified by:

  • Car Workshop manuals.
  • Motorcycle Workshop manuals.
  • Workshop manuals heavy vehicles.
  • User manuals and owner.

We will also have access to any manual mechanics and mechanical engineering and automotive mechanics.

It also provides a forum to consult any doubt about repairing your vehicle, where users respond.

Not all books are found in Castilian but some are in English or French.

2. Book Engine:

Book Motor SL is the largest specialized in the motor world of Spain bookstore.

Through their website you can access Workshop manuals in several languages, making a selection by brand.

This time is not free but the price of these manuals is between € 27.50 and € 31.50.

Offer phone or email to answer any questions about publications related to the automotive world and motorcycling help.

Its catalog has more than 20,000 titles in several languages ​​and specialized in all subjects (new history and classics, sport, general mechanics, workshop manuals and maintenance, catering) world automotive, motorcycle, trucks, military vehicles, modelismo and dvds.

By buying one of his titles and not you have to wait long, as have stock of all publications.


3. Service manuals:, it is this site where we can download Service manuals , servicemanuals , maintenance including repair vehicles of different brands.


The downloads are completely free , just register, with user name and password, and I like to give your social network on Facebook and follow them on Twitter.


The downloads are made in a .rar file, which will have access once downloaded.


4. Free Manual automotive workshop:

On this occasion, we leave the link to a blog, where we have access to multiple manuals workshop from 2007 to 2013.

We can view these manuals or download .

These downloads of manuals and workshop mechanics are completely free.


The brands that have workshop manuals are:

Toyota, Volkswagen, Daewoo, Fiat, Ford, Chevrolet, Jeep, Mazda, Subaru, Peugeot, Honda, Suzuki, Nissan, Chrysler Dodge, Mitsubishi, Grat Wall, Renault and Land Rover.


5. Amateur mechanics:

Mechanics fans  is a website where knowledge of auto mechanics are shared with users without registering for direct downloads.

We can find links to websites of training, interesting websites for users who are inmechanics courses , web pages mechanics and general engine, discussion forums, Classic Cars, a section of it yourself and links for rental boxes.

In addition to the links section has an open forum.

Most interesting are direct downloads, where we find the following sections:


  • Electromechanics
  • Vehicle electrics
  • Transmission, steering and braking
  • catalogs
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It also has a section of indirect discharges, although for download but this time if you need to register.


6. manuals all:, is a platform for online viewing or download in .pdf manual for free and without registration.

Among all we find a section for manuals Manuals for Auto in “online” and although not much content, we can find some interesting manuals such as:

Repair Manual Ford Ka 01, 02 and 03

This manual offers information on the characteristics of the range and technical data of these vehicles.

Repair procedures and setting are guiding both the professional mechanic , and those with less experience.

Specifically this manual can view it here:

Technical Data Manual Gasoline Engines

Here reinforced visualize specific information, such as valve calibration and tolerances, torques, measures engines manufactured in Mexico and imported until 2000.

In “recent engines” are: Lucino, Sentra, Maxima 99, Windstar, Ford Fiesta, Pointer VW, Sunfirede GM, Stratus and Cirrus Chrysler, Civic, Honda Accord, among others, which makes it more significant information contained.

You can see it right here:


And of course , it gives us the option to download workshop manuals and owner in the
download section.

We have access to this link directly from here:




7. Mecanicoautomotriz:
In we can find manuals in PDF for free download through Google Drive or Box, consumer tastes.

This site offers subscribe to email me your latest updates and keep up.

The themes of the manuals that here we see are:

  • Automotive Mechanics –
  • General systems –
  • General Motors –





We hope have helped you with your searches while facilitaros help you and your work.

You know that you will here find manuals mechanics, workshop manuals online, manuals PDF, workshop manuals in Spanish and other languages, workshop manuals free or paid, manuals mechanics and definitive all kinds of manuals for your workshop workshop automotive.

Where looking for you, your shop manuals? If your favorite place is not on this post, please share it with us.

AfricaPachanga DJ Set, a collection of African music that seduces 2015

To close the weekend with good pace we offer this session in which we include some of the songs of African music 2015 we have dj hire melbourne mix. Among them, we have included some musicians who have spent many years longer with us; to Cheikh Lô , which continues giving ourselves discs great quality never lose its high level and also Tony Allen , the drummer of Afrobeat who was at the origins of this sound in the 70s with Fela Kuti, and continues to offer works teachers each time you enter a recording studio.

Another legendary figure is Pat Thomas , singer Ghana 70s, who used to sing in some of the masterpieces of Ebo Taylor, and who has returned to record a full modernized highlife, after many years inactive disk.We cross the border north pay tribute to Amadou Ballaké , the star of Burkina Fasso 60s and 70s, who unfortunately left us in the summer of 2014 after recording a great album: “In Conclusions” published this year, which he reviewed some of his greatest songs with musicians from his country showing he had lost none of his great voice.

On the other hand, we have musicians who have discovered this year as Kantala : instrumentalist kora which we have incorporated in this list through a topic with light skatalíticos touches accompanied by rapper Humanist Mao Sidibe , Senegal, with his first full Jamaican pop and references. Also  Baba Commandant , a musician Bobo-Diolasso, the musical capital of Burkina Faso, the Mandingo merging rock music with a certain psychedelic flavor. And there ‘s more: Cape Verde, wonderful and evocative voices of Lura and Elida Almeida and the afrofunk and Afrobeat band of Parisian Les Freres Smith. But the big surprise came with us from Congo debut album Mbongwana Star , a group formed by former members of Staff Benda Bilili, a band composed of paraplegic street musicians who thrilled us in recent years with their two albums; but a few months ago they decided to dissolve and form this new band with a much more experimental and risky Congolese sound.

Finally, in this selection of African songs of 2015, we have not been able to resist to include a couple of songs of the 70s reissued last year: one of Chief Checker , a dark Nigerian reggae musician very little known, and the other, Verckys , one of the most important saxophonists of Congolese rumba, which he founded in the late 50’s OK Jazz with Franco, creating a unique sound that laid the foundation for everything that was done in the Congo during the following years. Finally a subject of the Orchestre Veve, which later formed Verckys, we close this collection of songs that we hope you enjoy the most!

Play List

  1. Cheikh Lô – Doyal Naniou
  2. Amadou Ballake – Fanta
  3. Lura – Sabi di More
  4. Kantala – Bimogo
  5. Mao Sidibe – Djigéen
  6. Baba Commandant – DJanfa
  7. Pat Thomas – Amaehu
  8. Tony Allen – Ire Omo
  9. Mbongwana Star – 1 million c’est quoi
  10. Les Freres Smith – Free To Go – 03 YYYYYY Trouble
  11. Chief Checker – Ire Africa
  12. Elida Almeida – Lebam Ku Bo


Young boy creates Youtube channel to tell stories of Brazilian black heroes

Machado de Assis, Zumbi, Mangangá Beetle. Each day of research on black heroes of the past is a new discovery for the student Peter Henry Cortes, 13. Resident of the East Zone of São Paulo, the boy, black, decided to create a channel on YouTube to share with others the history and struggles of these men – that, for him, does not have as much prominence as they should.

The idea of ​​the project “My Brazilian black heroes” came after Pedro Henrique see the play “The top of the mountain”, with Lázaro Ramos and Tais Araujo in October.

– He asked me to Children’s Day a ticket for the play. He was the youngest of the audience. It was very exciting. He came out transformed, and asked me the next day the biographies of Malcolm X, Martin Luther King and Nelson Mandela. I said I could, but I reminded him that here in Brazil, we also have many heroes. My son started to do research on the internet and then had the idea to make videos about these men – tells the young man’s mother, the tourismologist Egnalda Côrtes.

pedro henrique2

The Pedro Henrique’s mother, Egnalda, help the boy in research on the characters Photo: Staff / Press Release Archive

The first video of the series, about Zumbi , was published on 23 November. The second, on  Machado de Assis , on December 12. The number of views is growing every day – on Tuesday,  the channel  was already close to reaching 2,500 entries and he dicided to purchase youtube likes. Before starting the project, Pedro Henrique even made ​​other videos, covering topics such as prejudice and homosexuality.

Research on the characters are made with her mother’s help, which is in charge of making a summary of the heroes. The script is all because of the boy, student of the 8th grade of elementary school, adapting the stories to a language geared for the younger crowd.

– I want other young black men, like me, are inspired by these heroes. It’s really cool to be inspired by someone like you. There is much talk about European heroes, pioneers, but almost nothing about black people – has the boy, adding other videos that come out there: – I will tell the story of Luiz Gama, very requested by the followers, Francisco José do Nascimento, Cruz and Souza, Mangangá beetle and Chico Rei, and talk about Brazilian black heroines.

For Egnalda who is passionate about history, the son of the initiative is the family proud.

– The idea is fantastic. I think all young people need references. We live in a society where they are usually European, white. The importance of the channel is to tell the history of overcoming these black heroes, inspire young people and show that they can be whatever they want. It is a great opportunity to change history, becoming the protagonists, not supporting – advocates tourismologist.

Prove an antidepressant against deadly brain disease in sub-Saharan Africa

Researchers of geniusx funciona from Uganda, funded by Canada, are testing in a popular antidepressant that could be used to fight against a brain fungal disease that is charged each year 600,000 lives in sub-Saharan Africa.

Sertraline, also known as Zoloft or Lustral, was introduced for the first time by the pharmaceutical giant Pfizer in 1991. Since then it has become the second most-prescribed antidepressant in the United States.

 But a recent study in the laboratory of the University of Utah found that the drug also had a powerful effect fungicide, and several women who took it to relieve premenstrual symptoms claimed that it eliminated its fungal infections.

The researchers of the Institute of infectious diseases in Uganda at Makerere University hope to show that it can be used to contain the early deaths of meningeal Cryptococcosis, an infection of the tissue that covers the brain and charged 600,000 lives in sub-Saharan Africa each year.

“We hope to teach new tricks for an old drug,” said lead author David Meià, in a telephone interview with AFP from Uganda.

“Our hope is that if the drug works against Cryptococcosis meningena, we can reduce rates of mortality from 40% to 50%, which could lead to a big jump.”

More than 30% of patients die at 10 weeks of the onset of the disease, which has been linked to AIDS.

Currently, the disease is treated with two drugs, both developed in the 50 that are “very expensive and are not easily available in sub-Saharan Africa”, said Meià.

A third drug is used but is less effective, he added.

“So if we discover another drug that is more effective against the meningeal Cryptococcosis and is cheaper, we can substantially reduce the mortality rates in sub-Saharan Africa”.

Since the patent for sertraline has already expired, it would be even possible to manufacture generic and sell it more cheaply.

The Canadian Government contributed to this research, with 100,000 Canadian dollars (99.364 us) as part of a program called Grand Challenges Canada.

It is one of more than 100 scholarships to 13 Nations in developing innovative of developed in Canada for “ideas creative and courageous to solve health problems”, according to a statement.

The funding will be spent on trying to develop remote diagnostics, surveillance, health protection as well as development and access to drugs and vaccines.

Other projects funded by these grants include a vaccine for smokers against the addictive effects of nicotine, a glucose meter as an accessory of a cell phone a test cheap to diagnose deadly diseases such as dengue and ebola.


Just back from an amazing trip for Uganda (we’ll discuss that country other day) and together with my fellow travelers and in order to continue enjoying the wonders of this continent, we decided autoregalarnos a cycle of African cinema. Black Africa, because North Africa has another good selection of films like Casablanca or undoubted quality Babel among others.

We have prepared a list of the best films set in Africa, and these are the ones we selected. Also, for the best quality of movies, we highly recommend you to watch series on project free tv.

Gorillas in the Mist
Coming back from Uganda, could not be another. Sigourney Weaver gets into the skin of Dianne Fossey , an American zoologist who struggle for preservation of the last mountain gorillas. Nominated for several Oscars and incredible photography, brings us the real story of this defender of animals. Probably without the commitment of this woman, today we could see these primates in their natural habitat.


Hotel Rwanda
One of my favorite and chilling true story that took place during the genocide Hutu -Tutsi movies. The hotel manager in Kigali Hotel Des Mille Colines, an ethnic Hutu, thanks to his charisma and certain bribes get shelter to all Tutsis, Hutus chased by soldiers, come to takerefuge in his hotel. This story is just one brushstroke of the terrible events in 94 and both the international community and the UN itself chose to look the other way.


The Last King of Scotland
Other peliculón developed in Uganda. Mixes reality and fiction. Tells the life (fictitious) young Scottish doctor of Ugandan dictator Idi Amin (real), embodied in Forest Whitaker , and whose role won a deserved Oscar, Golden Globe and BAFTA. Chilling the end.

Out of Africa

Probably the great classic of African cinema. It starring Meryl Streep and Robert Redford, is based on the book by writer Danish Karen Blixen , who after a marriage of convenience is to live on a coffee plantation in Kenya. There she meets the hunter Finch Hatton (Michael Douglas) who makes him regain the joy of living. Winner of 7 Oscars, is definitely a must for movie lovers Africa.

The Constant Gardener

Movie -denuncia based on the book by John Le Carré on the atrocities of the pharmaceutical industry, which no doubt try drugs in humans for profit. When Justin Quayle (Ralph Fiennes), he discovers that his wife Tessa (Rachel Weisz), has been murdered while investigating a web of corruption in the pharmaceutical industry, began its own investigation.

The demons of the night

Another film based on real events, where the problems arose from the construction of the railroad to Mombasa, crossing the Kenyan park of Tsavo, the late nineteenth century are counted, and where a pair of lions killed several workers during the construction of a bridge. Among a professional hunter (Michael Douglas) and the project architect (Val Kilmer) trying to hunt them down. The film did not get very good reviews but is entertaining for a Sunday afternoon.

Blood Diamond

Another great film-complaint starring Leonardo DiCaprio and 5 Oscar nominations. The story takes place in the 90s in Sierra Leone where warlords and by employing slaves, diamonds mined riverbeds. The film is about the desperate quest to recover a large diamond buried by a fisherman and atrocities committed just over 10 years ago in West Africa.

The Gods Must Be Crazy

Sympathetic comedy where a Bushman of the Kalahari is a bottle of coke thrown from a plane. Thinking it is a gift from the gods, takes her to his village. The foreign object begin to be coveted by all and break the harmony of the tribe. Therefore, Xi, the protagonist decides to take her to the end of the known world and return it to the gods.

The Queen of Africa

Another classic of African cinema. During the First World War in German East Africa, an alcoholic sea captain (Humphrey Bogart) and a missionary (Katharine Hepburn) embark on the boat African Queen, in a dangerous journey through the Ulanga River to Lake Victoria escaping the German patrol boats.

Kony 2012

Impressive documentary (subtitled in Spanish if you press CC) produced by an American NGO which has set a goal to catch in 2012 to Joseph Kony, warlord from Uganda that has enslaved more than 30,000 children using them as child soldiers. The success of this campaign on social networks has gotten great support from the international community and the government of the United States itself is working to catch this monster sooner.


Are many more films in the pipeline, such as Mogambo, Hatari !, White Hunter, black heart, Cry Freedom or King Solomon’s Mines. Or any other that has escaped me and I will be happy to incorporate the counsel them my film library. But I hope you enjoy this fine example of good cinema inspired by Africa.

Ten essential African movies

The year that has just ended, 2014, will be remembered as a particularly rich in the production of cinema in sub-Saharan Africa and its diaspora. As shown, in the major international competitions, with Cannes and Toronto to head, the harvest in number and quality of African movies has been such that, waiting for the 15th edition of the biennial FESPACO next month of March, there are doubts about whether the selection will reach the expected level.


Abderrahmane Sissako fought for the Palme d’Or at Cannes with Timbuktu(pictured) and we predict will be competing for an Oscar; Raoul Peck has returned to fiction adapting theorem, Pasolini; with Murder in Pacot, a group of young and promising filmmakers has left us speechless with its presentation films and the documentary genre is more alive than ever. Perhaps arise new names, but two months of the opening ceremony of the festival in Ouagadougou, still no news that directors consolidated as Mahamat-Saleh Haroun or Haile Gerima, among others, will release this coming year. We’ll see in a few months.

Meanwhile, project free tv leave you my list of the 10 African 2014 movies that any film buff and lover of Africa, should include in its film library. The order of this list is alphabetical and does not establish hierarchies. I have chosen to give more relevance to the feature film but exclude the brilliant French Bodomo short (point this name!) and a couple of South African documentaries would have been an inexcusable error. There, much to my regret, two large des absent: Raoul Peckand October 1 of the Nigerian Kunle Afolayansaid film. Incapable of seeing them today, I have decided not to include them waiting to devote the space that I predict they deserve. Meanwhile, as a faithful follower of both directors, its mention in this introduction was justice. If you want to watch movies online at a best streaming website with high speed server, high definition and no advertisement, please launch movie2k

1. Afronauts, French Bodomo (Ghana) short film

On July 16, 1969, United States was about to launch the Apollo 11. Thousands of kilometres of distance, the space Academy from Zambia, headed by Edward Makuka Nkoloso, science teacher’s hopes to win the space race. This afrofuturista based on a real story, the young director Frances Bodomo serves printing of sci-fi that certain facts of contemporary African history to be ficcionalizados for his second short presented at Sundance. Formed at NYU in film theory, Bodomo would step in practice leaving us speechless with Boneshaker (2012).

In about 12 minutes of intense displayed an unexpected knack for a newly arrived in the composition of atmospheres, feelings and audiovisual textures. In his most recent work shot in 16mm, white and populated granulated Grayscale black and a saturated sound environment create an indefinite full of historical references to past, present, and future, where they mix myth, history, memory and nostalgia.Delivered today in Afronauts become a feature film, French Bodomo is part of a new wave of transnational African directors young (Akosua Adoma Owusu, Nyemek Msangi-Omari, Jenna Bass…) that are transforming the expectations of international audiences about Africa from cinema. Web page

2. Deadpool (2016)

Watch dead pool online on Movietube.

3. Half of a Yellow Sun, Biyi Bandele (Nigeria)

One of the most anticipated films of this year, the screen adaptation of the eponymous bestseller of the Nigerian Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie began its journey in international festivals accompanied by an incomprehensible delay in his exhibition in the rooms of his country motivated, according to the Commission of censorship “by the incitement to violence that could cause”.

Signed by Biyi Bandele, acclaimed novelist and playwright Nigerian in the United Kingdom and in adaptations for theatre of African authors like Chinua Achebe orAphra Behn, Half of a Yellow Sun is his first foray into feature film. In this historical melodrama, Bandele adapts with freedom, and keeping the narrative tension, the novel of Adichie. Presents the conflict in Biafra in the 1960s through vital travels of two wealthy family twin: Olanna and Kainene. With a cast of international stars in the main roles, which, however, are at times of lack of depth-Chiwetel Ejiofor (Odenigbo), Thandie Newton (Olanna), Anika Noni Rose(Kainene) – the action is rescued by an unforgettable set of secondary (Onveka Onwnu, Genevive Nnaji, OC Ukeje and John Boyega). Music and the recreation of environments, thanks to colourful photography John de Borman and the quality of the production, are without a doubt their strengths. The debut film of Biyi Bandele, despite its weaknesses, predicts it a promising career in commercial cinema. Web page

4. Love the One You Love, Jenna Bass (South Africa)

If Soderbergh, Sex, lies and videotapes, film was shot in South Africa by 2014 is entitled Love the One You Love and its Director would be Jenna Bass. After all international filing with the short film The Tunnel in 2010 (produced by the now defunct Focus Features Africa First program), the first feature of the South African Jenna Bass expected forward. Premiering in his country, took the prizes to the best feature film South African and best actress (Chiedza Mhende) in Durban. Never before had captured with such precision and detail the anxieties, desires and expectations that love causes in new generations of the new South Africa.

We are in the contemporary Cape Town where Terri (Chiedza Mhende) a tele-operadora of an erotic line, her boyfriend Sandile (Andile Nebulane) and Eugene (Louw Venter), computer technician, feel that their love is being controlled by larger forces, and are the subject of a bizarre conspiracy. In the search for answers to their premonitions turn to all the media surrounding them: new technologies, witchcraft, hypnosis, private detectives and tips for family and friends…

Tired of the time involving a conventional film, Jenna Bass, armed with a movie concept developed in just 20 pages decided to make a film impromptu and cheap to “prove to herself that could do it”. Surrounded by a few brilliant actors, Director captures the incomprehensible and complex of each human life, buried in the chance of contemporary relationships. The soundtrack composed by the improvised talks about masterfully directed actors transmits local urban slang and the pictorial flow of images in different formats and from all kinds of screens (in tune with the vignettes of African Pulp Magazine Jungle Jim Bass edit) and mounted to a fast pace, completed the feat. A lesson in style and show films which must be signed by one of the most promising directors of the continent.

5. Run, Philippe Lacôte (Ivory Coast)

The history of African cinemas are not uncommon in the allegories of the post-colonial African Nations (Teza, L’absence…) and Run is included in this tradition, reflecting on the contemporary history of Ivory Coast. The dream of independence was defeated by the decline that followed the miracle economic three decades ago and, at the present time, the violence has imposed as the only means to achieve power. “Violence only begets violence,” says the protagonist towards the end. Its director, the Ivorian Philippe Lacôtte, offers us the story of a hero who decides at any time what will be their destiny. “Je m’appelle Run, et if je m ‘enfuis, c’ est pour défendre ma liberté”.

For this ambitious film full of quotations from great African directors has counted with an all-star cast, symbol of the moment that we are living. Tourou, the master of the young Run, is Rasmané Ouedraogo (Yaaba and Tilaï, Moolaadé La nuit de la vérité…) and is known as actor fetish of pioneers like Sembene Ousman, Idrissa Ouedraogo or Fanta Regina Nacro; the old (Assa) militant who saved from death and will release a Run is Issach De Bankole, belonging to the generation of African actors who managed to insert in the international cinema and, finally, the protagonist, Run (Abdoul Karim Konaté, Le Djassa a pris feu) is one of the leading representatives of a new form of filmmaking in Africa in the 21st century : autonomous and proud of herself. Work on the importance of the intergenerational work and the effort to understand the present, reflecting on the past and looking to the future, occupies a prominent place among the African films released in 2014 full.

Philippe Lacôtte, known as producer of the award-winning Le Djassa a pris feu(2012), has demonstrated its good do been selected at Un Certain Regard at Cannes with his first feature film as a director.

6. Timbuktu, Abderrahmane Sissako (Mali)  


Eight years after his trial to the IMF and the World Bank in Bamako, the more international and equipped with contemporary African directors, the MauritanianAbderrahmane Sissako, has become to Cannes and Toronto with Timbuktu, leaving stunned public and critic. A beautiful Ode to understanding and peace that has resistance and suffering in the North of Mali to the occupation jihadi, by which he was about to take the Golden Palm and which would receive the prize of the Ecumenical jury and the François Chalais Prize.

Recently, it has become to make history as one of 9 foreign films pre-seleccionada for the Oscars and, pending that are announced five films which will be finally contested the award, this first nomination will help no doubt in its international distribution. Sissako, author of the first rank, once again demonstrates his ability to baste tragedy and humor through film, art space and time, creating a place for reflection on the suffering of the victims in the muted contemporary conflicts as well as everyday men and women running resistance force. Based on people and real events, with mostly novice actors, camera Sofiane El Fani ( La vie d’ Adèle ‘s Adbellatif Kechiche camera operator) emphasizes the quality of their performances on a perennial ochre hue of adobe and desert sand.

Assembly (Naida Ben Rachid) master and musical interludes contribute to round out a film that, months after his presentation, it has already become a classic in the history of African cinemas and which we hope will be done with the Oscar as a symbolic prize recognition one of filmmakers in assets of greater value in the global panorama.

7. Miners Shot Down, Rehad Desai (South Africa) documentary 


A group of South African miners in Marikanga in August 2012, began a strike to improve their salaries. The repression of the peaceful mobilization of strikers would cause numerous wounded and 38 dead. The experienced director of South African documentaries Rehad Desai, who is make known a decade ago in Cannes to international audiences with Born Into Struggle (2004), employs once more best to follow, day-by-day observational documentary tools and from the point of view of the victims, the events that provoked the first massacre in South Africa after apartheid.

Use the time to catch the Viewer, who lives in first person the development of the events lived by the miners thanks to the virtuosity in interlayer climatic moments of apparent suspension with other creating an upward tension resulting composed an intricate web of powers and interests-economic, characteristic of the contemporary South Africa. Desai unmasks the acquiescence of politicians of the ANC with the compa ia mining Lonmin, its infiltrators between protesters and police in this silent massacre. Endorsed at festivals with numerous awards for its value for the defence of human rights, his courage in the presentation of these traumatic events places it as one of the required documentaries of the year. Web page

8. Stories of Our Lives, Jim Chuchu (Kenya)

What had begun as a file of testimonies in the LGBT community of Kenya, gathered by a local art collective, become a project so seductive that the Association would step to the big screen. With a ridiculous budget and a team composed of a small video camera, a microphone, two LEDs and a portable digital recorder, the five stories that make up Stories of Our Lives surprised in Toronto, captivating equal to audience and critical.

An intimate and poetic soundtrack is responsible for holding sixty minutes in black and white, that there are real stories in urban and rural settings, where love, sex, rejection, betrayal, dreams and hopes cartografían a multifaceted human geography of anxieties and feelings shared by young people of Kenya. Experiment only gives visibility to a community persecuted and penalised, Stories of Our Livesis a stimulating and acute Symphony of decisive moments in the lives of a group of men and women faced with a society full of prejudice and narrow-mindedness.Sharing the lack of moralizing intention and fleeing from the closed end, these dramatizations propose ways to understand and respect to each other in a world in which the gender and sexuality should weigh no more than our shared humanity.Web page

9. Shield and Spear, Petter Ringbom (South Africa) documentary

In 2010, nearly two decades after the fall of apartheid in South Africa, the Cape Town artist provocateur Brett Murray made a painting of highly satirical charging that President Jacob Zuma displayed genitals posing as Lenin. The work, entitledThe Spear, caused a stir of national dimension, with institutional statements and prosecution of ANC, popular demonstrations and attack on the work included reaching out to the international press. Starting from this event, Swedish director based in New York, Petter Ringbom travelled to Soweto, Cape Town, Johannesburg and other cities of the rainbow nation to portray the true scope of the democratic system led by the ANC and the time of creative ferment that is living in music, painting, literature, graffiti, fashion, photography, video….

Through interviews with journalists, artists and collectives, it takes us into a reality of negotiation of identities, traditions, and stigma, where freedom of speech, racism, xenophobia, the legacy of colonialism and the censorship mark the everyday activities of artists and inhabitants. Presented at the Hot Docs Toronto and about to begin his tour of international festivals, this documentary classic on your Bill, returns us the two poles that are discussing the contemporary South African art: the revolutionary provocation (Lance-spear) and the defense as a reaction to the fear (shield-shield). In the 21st century, these artistic practices with a pro-comunitario and openly political approach to demonstrate how art can and must continue to be subversive to trigger changes. Web page

10. Veve, Simon Mukali (Kenya)

Written by screenwriter and actress Natasha Likimani, the film takes its name from one of the names given to the khat or miraa, a narcotic plant popular in East African. About this substance and following the pace set by the rules of the genres of thriller and melodrama, shows us the production, distribution and consumption of khat gear. The stories crossed the political and drug dealer Amos and Sammy, his right hand, of your enemy Wadu, of the wife of Amos and her lover, Kenzo, a young thirsty for revenge, and a young and naive director of documentaries white will trigger passions and deceptions.

The grim portrait of Kenyan society that offers just it is balanced by those who try to resist by the naivety of their actions. Produced by One Fine Day Films, responsible in recent years some of the greatest successes of the country inside and outside its borders (Nairobi Half Life; Something Necessary) in collaboration with public and private institutions in German and presented in Durban, Veve enters no-holds-barred world of drugs, corruption and poverty. Despite some gaps in the narrative tension, the television composition, moralizing end and that the character of the young director come motivated only by international business interests, Veve is worthy example of diversity and autonomy in the film production of Kenya in recent years. To this day, it is an industry that has appropriated their references local responding to the needs of their audiences while the movies that come out of its borders report and surprise international spectators.

(*) Beatriz Leal Riesco is criticism, curator and researcher specializing in African cinemas and programmer of the African Film Festival in NYC

Types of traditional African cooking pots

Traditional African pots are an important part of African culture. Different types of pots are common in different parts of the continent. The pots are so important that have been synonymous with the food cooked in them; so much so that food and cooking pot often share the same name.


The potjie is deep, round, cast-iron pot with three legs. European explorers brought these cast iron pots to Africa during expeditions. Potjies spread throughout Africa but particularly are linked to the South African culture and cuisine.

top kitchen faucets


A tagine is a distinctive ceramic. The shallow container also doubles as a serving dish. It gets its distinctive aspect of a lid as long cone. The tagine is traditionally used in North Africa and is said to have originated in Morocco.


A pumpkin is typically used to hold and serve food. It is a dried gourd, hollow cut shaped bowl.Pumpkin is as African icon Johannesburg Soccer City Stadium was renovated to look like one in 2010.


Pregnancy, childbirth and motherhood in the heart of Africa

I would have never imagined that, as doula my steps take me so far.  L as Doulas are women, mostly mothers, accompanying other women on the road during maternity. Its main task is to support both physical and emotional, during and after childbirth.

Our training covers knowledge on physiology of Obgyn, childbirth and postpartum, childcare, breastfeeding , prenatal education, gynecology … plus all the studies that give us knowledge helps mothers.

The experience of a doula in Senegal

African mother

This year I started my career in humanitarian aid worker. I needed to know first hand how they conduct motherhood women of other cultures and wanted to help in any way I can. Thus began the most enrriquecedora experience of my life, in Senegal, my adventure had begun. I arrived in Dakar by plane, but my ultimate destination was entering a route where no road exists, literally disappears. In Touba Merina, people live in a group of circular thatched huts with dirt floors, no water, no light, in a barren land.

In the time I have devoted to mothers, I could find out how they live motherhood. The main purpose of marriage is to have children , among other things, assist in its work to support the family, and when adults are involved in caring for the elderly. They do not usually go to regular checks of pregnancy , 3d ultrasound nyc or family planificción services. These villages are very remote from centers where there is nursing, and his vehicle is a car with a burrito, so it’s not easy to part of a waste of time given the tasks they have to perform in their village. They care for the elderly, children, livestock, house, etc.

Also, there is still some distrust of Western family planning services because it is suspected that in their countries of origin, during the colonial era, these services concealed sterilization campaigns. However, it is common for women to avoid pregnancy during the months of pregnancy, as this would cut the breastfeeding , with the consequent risk to the newborn. In these cases, the most common birth control is abstinence.

Pregnancy is considered as something natural and, therefore, without much control. The visits are continuing specialist symptom of disease, and they are not ill. The problem ofanemia and malnutrition so common in these women by poor diet plays against him, there is a strong morbidity at birth. In the case of anemia, minimal bleeding causes the death of the woman, besides infections and lack of clean water.

Removing these medical problems, they have something that we have lost, meet with their mothers, friends, relatives and live the pregnancy together, comforting, arropándose, telling their fears … they are not alone. They are doulas in the community, helping and supporting at all times. Work together, sing, dance, cook, take care of each other and their children, who are the fruit of the community. Shoulder to shoulder, everything belongs to everyone. That’s what our grandmothers formerly, accompanied.Create a circle of women.

Expressing pain in childbirth is an offense for the family

In childbirth , often they have a very low expression of pain. Both women and children are prepared to endure the pain and I have seen children with deep wounds, which were not the slightest sign of pain cures. If the mother expresses her pain in childbirth is considered an affront to the family.

Within the extended family, the care of children does not depend directly from parents and the nuclear family, and is very common that children take care of her aunts, her sisters, her cousins or grandmothers. Shared child care by all family members including breastfeeding. It is usually considered that the colostrum is not at all beneficial to the child, so that until the mother phase colostrum just tend to nurse the child other female relatives. Also after this phase is common that breastfeeding is shared.

Top 10 CEOs in Africa

1 – Alhaji Aliko Dangote is undoubtedly Africa’s best known CEO and president. He is the continent’s wealthiest man and sits at the helm of the Dangote Group. The Nigerian self-made business magnate has an estimated net worth of $16.1 billion as of March 2013. Based in Nigeria, his company has interests in commodities with operations in his homeland and several other countries in Africa.

He was born in the northern Nigerian state of Kano on April 10, 1957 into a wealthy Muslim family. His early days in business go back as far as when he was a pupil in primary school. He said: “I can remember when I was in primary school; I would go and buy cartons of sweets and would start selling them just to make money. I was so interested in business, even at that time.”

2 – Stefan Amraly is Chairman and Chief Executive Officer at Lotus Energy Group.

3 – Maria Ramos is the CEO of Absa Group and is one of the continent’s most respected public administrators and business leaders. Absa is South Africa’s second largest financial services company by market capitalisation and she was appointed in 2009. Prior to her current job, she worked in South Africa’s public sector.

4 – Jacko Maree is CEO of the Standard Bank Group, Africa’s largest financial services conglomerate, which has operations in 33 different countries including South Africa, Nigeria, Turkey, Russia, Argentina and Jersey.  The 53-year-old former Rhodes’ scholar is also chairman of The Banking Association (SA) and is the former director of the International Monetary Conference.

5 – Sifiso Dabengwa is the Group President and CEO of the MTN Group Ltd, which he joined in 1999. While he is known to fiercely guard his privacy and prefers not to give interviews, he is an inspirational leader for the staff of Africa’s largest telecommunications company. Dabengwa regularly participates in road trips around the continent to personally rally employees.

6 –Divine Ndhlukula is the founder and managing director of DDNS Security Operations (Pvt) Ltd. This endearing lady’s dogged determination and iron will has elevated her business started in a backyard cottage to a company which now employs 3,500 people. Divine is an inspirational role model who works hard to encourage other women to follow her lead.

7 – Phuti Malabie is the CEO of Shanduka, a black-owned and managed investment company started by businessman Cyril Ramaphosa. The Wall Street Journal named Malabie one of its TOP 50 Women to Watch in 2008. Deemed charismatic, glamorous and ambitions, this 40-year-old whizzkid puts her meteoric rise down to her drive which comes, she says, from her privileged upbringing.

8 – Patrice Motsepe was born in Soweto and is the 51-year-old founder and executive chairman of the $5 billion African Rainbow Minerals business, which has interests in gold, ferrous metals, base metals and platinum. In 2012, he was named as South Africa’s richest man topping the Sunday Times’ annual Rich List with a $2.4 billion fortune.

9 – Bob Collymore has been ringing the changes at Safaricom Ltd since becoming the CEO in 2010. The enthusiastic leader of this leading telecommunications company , which was responsible for launching the first mobile phone payment method M-Pesa, has more than 25 years of commercial experience having previously worked for Vodacom.

10 – Nicky Newton King is the first woman to run the Johannesburg Stock Exchange since she was appointed as Chief Executive Officer on January 1 2012, having been the deputy for nine years. Originally from Cape Town she is a graduate of Stellenbosch and Cambridge universities and she has three law degrees.

Higher-level African crane will be installed in Port-Amboim


A crane four thousand 500 tons, capable of lifting equipment up to 2,500 tons, will be installed in the company Manufacture of structures and equipment for the production of oil-PAENAL, located in the municipality of Port-Amboim, Province Kwanza Sul, after the conclusion of the works at the local dock planned for 2013, announced to the press, its CEO, César Guerra.


For Cesar Guerra, who spoke to reporters this week public bodies of the Social Communication Performance Training Solutions, at the end of a visit to the shipyard, crane installation that allow the PAENAL make history in Angola in particular and Africa in general, to integrate these teams for the first time at the continental level.
According to the source, currently all work lifting equipment to 2,500 tons is made in China, Singapore, Brazil and Europe, and reaffirmed that level in Africa will be the first time you work with crane genre because the currently installed in PAENAl in Port-Amboim, up only 800 tons of equipment.
He urged evaluate the production of your company, stressed that the shipyard started with small projects, is now making greater is the “Clov” for the Total and Sonangol, and builds a project up to 7,500 tons.
He stressed that having another project in Goma, which aims to build 1,500 tons of equipment and has another “Mafumeira” for Total, which starts next year, also has other proposals such as the “Clov project,” production seven tons, which allows them to have a secure job until 2015.
The aforementioned company, founded in 2008, employs a thousand workers in different areas, of which 650 Angolans linked directly to the production area (80 percent are from the province of Kwanza Sul).


IDF estimates that every 20 seconds there is a person who loses a limb due to diabetes. Now the Federation has launched a new initiative, with various stakeholders, aimed at improving the health care of the feet for people with diabetes in sub-Saharan Africa. The Diabetes Africa Foot Initiative (DAFI) develop a sustainable program for controlling the foot. Dr. Evariste Bouenizabila and Dr. Silver Bahendeka, Co-Presidents of the project and a voluntary foot dr provide a more detailed profile of DAFI.

Complications growing
region of Africa is experiencing a dramatic increase in the number of people with diabetes. Above all levels have increased undiagnosed and IDF estimates that up to 80% of people with diabetes in the region remain undiagnosed.

The DAFI program will strive to reduce the rate of amputations of lower limbs across sub-Saharan Africa.

Unfortunately, the increase in diabetes is accompanied by increased threatening complications of diabetes such as diabetic foot. Despite current efforts to reduce the number of people affected, reducing foot complications it was small.

A vision for sustainable foot care

The DAFI program will strive to reduce the rate of amputations of lower limbs across sub-Saharan Africa. Finally, we hope to develop a risk stratification model complete, sustainable and economic standing, combined with a strategy of early intervention.

The responses to the project so far have been positive and we expect to continue throughout the region.

Take into account the language and culture
DAFI recognizes the cultural and socioeconomic diversity of the African region and is designed to accommodate other projects existing foot care in the region, without duplication.

The selection of countries was based on the countries that wanted to collaborate with IDF and its partners, but more importantly, in those centers had local champions in diabetic foot management. Ten countries in total, divided evenly between anglophone and francophone have been selected.

Some of the other criteria were to be associated with a member association of IDF, be a clinic established diabetes, have the support of the Ministry of Health and have the ability to engage the local community in a program of diabetes care. More countries will be added to the project when they have mastered the tools and have reached the training objectives.

DAFI is a multi-stakeholder initiative led by IDF. Some of the project partners are: IDF African Region, University of Johannesburg, Senghor University, Université Numérique Francophone Mondial and Sanofi Diabetes